Guide to CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI LX0-103

(Some of this early commentary may be related to the A+...)

This is the guide to the “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” exam LX0-103 and the LPIC-1 Linux Administrator Exam 101.

Status

This web page is still in development. This web page did get some attention from around March to May of 2018. Then, focus on this web page did get delayed, but is expected to be getting more attention in late January 2019 and upcoming months (until certain improvements are completed).

As of late May 2018, this page has been getting some attention. It may still benefit from a bit more clean-up, especially including comparing it more closely to the LPIC-1 to double-check accuracy. Still, until the work does get completed, sharing it seemed sensible.)

A guided tutorial has been started. The current state of this tutorial may be seen by going to LX0-103 tutorial (which is mostly introductory text, followed by a hyperlink to LX0-103 tutorial: topics).

CSS has been added to the details of the objectives. This results in colors which some people may find less desirable. There are plans regarding how to turn off such colors. Such plans are not yet implemented. For now, the colors are helping the creator of this text to make sure that certain things have been getting categorized right.

  • Please keep in mind that at the time of this writing, currently March-May of 2018, this site's section has been getting heavily modified. See the “Status” section on this page for any updates... If the current date is still within that time frame, additional updates happening soon are quite likely.

    (Current document status: This is not considered very completed yet, but is likely to be quite actively worked on in the current time and near-ish future. This note was initially stated in March 2018, when some work continued up through May. Then this note is being re-affirmed in late January 2019.)

Certification Objectives

The information here comes from three main sources, all of which are very similar (and probably should be identical) -

  • CompTIA's objectives list of the “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” certification examinations
  • LPI's main web site: LPIC-1 Linux Administrator objectives list for the LPIC-1 Exam 101 and LPIC-1 Exam 102
  • LPI's wiki: LPIC-1 Linux Administrator objectives list for the LPIC-1 Exam 101 and LPIC-1 Exam 102

Here are more details on where these can be found:

CompTIA Linux+ pbi LPI objectives

The certification examinations are offered in English, German, Portuguese, and Spanish. CompTIA has published the objectives in English, German, and Portuguese. Weirdly, CompTIA did not seem to offer the LX0-103 objectives in Spanish when this web page was created, despite an examination being offered int hat language.

English

“CompTIA Linux+ [Powered by LPI] Certification Exam Objectives: LX0-103 - English”, in a PDF file available at https://certification.comptia.org/docs/default-source/exam-objectives/comptia-linux-powered-by-lpi-(lx0-103)-aug-39-14-version.pdf (also stored in at http://CyberPillar.com/dirsver/1/mainsite/techns/induscer/comptia/linxplpi/lx0103/lx0103oe.zip in a ZIP file)

“CompTIA Linux+ [Powered by LPI] Certification Exam Objectives: LX0-103 - English”, in a PDF file available at https://certification.comptia.org/docs/default-source/exam-objectives/comptia-linux-powered-by-lpi-(lx0-103).pdf (also stored in at http://CyberPillar.com/dirsver/1/mainsite/techns/induscer/comptia/linxplpi/lx0103/lx0103oo.zip in a ZIP file.) (Although this file may have a newer timestamp, the PDF file in this lx0103oo.zip file is a copy of what is suspected to be a slightly older file than the PDF file contained in lx0103oe.zip.)

German (“Deutsch”)

“CompTIA Linux+ [Powered by LPI] Certification Exam Objectives: LX0-103 - German”, in a PDF file available at https://certification.comptia.org/docs/default-source/exam-objectives/comptia-linux-powered-by-lpi-(lx0-103)-deu.pdf?sfvrsn=2 (also stored in at http://CyberPillar.com/dirsver/1/mainsite/techns/induscer/comptia/linxplpi/lx0103/lx0103od.zip in a ZIP file)

Portuguese

“CompTIA Linux+ [Powered by LPI] Certification Exam Objectives: LX0-103 - Portuguese”, in a PDF file available at https://certification.comptia.org/docs/default-source/exam-objectives/comptia-linux-powered-by-lpi-(lx0-103)-ptb.pdf?sfvrsn=2 (also stored in at http://CyberPillar.com/dirsver/1/mainsite/techns/induscer/comptia/linxplpi/lx0103/lx0103op.zip in a ZIP file)

LPIC-1 Main Site
LPI's main web site: LPIC-1 Linux Administrator objectives list for the LPIC-1 Exam 101 and LPIC-1 Exam 102
as well as the the LPIC-1 Linux Administrator Exam 101 Objectives web page at http://lpi.org/our-certifications/exam-101-objectives when that page said “Exam Objectives Version: Version 4.0” The relevant “Exam Code” for the “LPIC-1 Exam 101” was “101-400” (or “LX0-103”, according to the website, although since that is the exam code for the CompTIA exam, that is probably just a reference to CompTIA's examination rather than an examination administered by LPIC-1.)
LPI's Wiki
Content

LPI FAQ has stated, “The Linux+ exams offered by CompTIA are identical to LPI's LPIC-1 exams (the exam objectives are identical and the questions on the exams are exactly the same).”

That the LPIC-1 Linux Administrator Exam 101 Objectives web page said that the 101-400 and LX0-103 “exams are identical”.

Despite these claims, mnior differences in the objectives lists have been detected and noted here. Most of the objectives are completely identical.

Free LPIC-1

That the LPIC-1 Linux Administrator Exam 101 Objectives web page said that the 101-400 and LX0-103 “exams are identical; passing either exam will count as the 101 exam toward your LPIC-1”. The a “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” exam can be used to get the LPIC-1 Linux Administrator certification. The reverse is not true: If you take LPI's LPIC-1 Linux Administrator Exam 101, that examination does not count towards getting a certification from CompTIA's Linux+. Therefore, the only notable reason to bother taking LPI's LPIC-1 Exam 101 is if you have a chance to that that one for a reduced cost, but do not have the option to take the LX0-103 for the same reduced cost. That has been known to happen at some Linux conventions where LPI provided the LPIC-1 Exam 101 for free.

The recommended process is to sign up for a free “LPI ID” number (at https://cs.lpi.org/caf/Xamman/register ) before taking one of CompTIA's examinations for the “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” certification.

More identical details

(The content in this section is identical for the LX0-103 and LX0-104.)

This page is largely a list of the objectives for the examinations, as well as some brief commentary and/or references to material that may also cover the topics in more detail.

Unlike some of the other CompTIA certifications, there was no glossary (filled with acronyms) included in the publicly published PDF file for this certification's objectives.

See also: Providing professional services: Formal credentials: CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI.

Both the LX0-103 and LX0-104 have the same passing score for “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” examinations: 500 (on a scale of 200-800)

Both the LX0-103 and LX0-104 have the same amount of questions, time, and published question type. 60 questions, 90 minutes. Although the “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” objectives list noted “Type of questions” was “Multiple choice”, the author of this text seems to believe there may have been some “fill-in-the-blank” types of questions as well. (Although, that may have been based on the older LX0-101 and LX0-102 certification examinations.)

Multiple sources, merged

The short section names, e.g. “Hardware” by 101.1, were created by the author of this document. The actual section title, as seen in the Objectives List, show up in quotation marks at the start of the section. CompTIA's objectives list also included a period at the end of the section title (whereas LPI's objective list did not).

This document merges details provided by CompTIA with details provided by LPI.

For example, CompTIA had a list of “Domains”, while LPI called those same sections “Topics”. Both identified the first domain or topic as “101”. This page uses the term “Domain/Topic 101”. The percentage of points for this domain came from CompTIA. LPI's document didn't seem to contain that detail. However, LPI's document did provide a value called “Weight”, and a “Description”. These details from both CompTIA and LPI are conveniently merged together here.

LPI's Exam 101 had sections called “Key Knowledge Areas”. The items in those key knowledge areas also showed up on the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI objectives list (but just didn't call those “Key Knowledge Areas”).

Tips about content

LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 Summary: Version 2 to 3: section called “101 Change Summary” had a few bits of information that could be some useful tips:

  • “Please keep in mind that the list of files, commands and terms in each objectives is a _partial_ list.” (This means there could be questions beyond just what shows up there.)
  • “NOTE ON WEIGHTING:  The weighting on all LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 exams has been normalised to 60. This means that each exam will be 60 questions long (unless you have "beta" questions for QA purposes; then it will be 75 questions).  This also means that a weighting of 3 on an objective indicates that there will be exactly 3 questions on the exam pertaining to that objective (again with the "beta" question caveat).”

Besides that, there may be some tips available in resources like this:

More info about this page
  • There were some details that were located here on this page, but have since been moved to the section called “status”.
  • Partial lists
    • In the LPI main site's objectives list, each Topic's section (e.g., 101.1 Hardware) had "Topic Headers" of “Weight”, “Description”, “Key Knowledge Areas:”, and “Terms and Utilities”.
    • On LPI's wiki (e.g., LPIC-1 version 4 objectives, and LPIC-1 version 3.5 objectives), the phrase “The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities”
    • On the “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” objectives list, the phrase “The following is a partial list of the used files, terms, and utilities” also showed up. However, on that list, it looked like a bullet point, quite similar to each of the objectives which had a bullet point.

    This felt like a discrepency between how LPI was presenting the informationa, and how CompTIA was presenting the information. On LPI's site, the phrase “Terms and Utilities” about “partial list” felt like a header that overshadowed the topics, while on CompTIA's list, the phrase that mentioned “terms, and utilities” looked like it was equal in weight as the topics.

    The decision of the author of this text was to treat this like what was seen on the LPI objectives list. (That just felt like it made the most sense.) The results of that decision does mean that the information here is presented a bit different than what is shown on the “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” objectives list.

    However, the phrasing presented by CompTIA seemed more clear, so that was used instead of the briefer “Terms and Utilities” found on LPI's site. The phrasing by CompTIA was also seen on LPI's wiki site.

    Note that some information on LPI's wiki also validates that LPI considered such lists to be “partial”. (For instance, this has been seen on LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 Version 2 to 3 Summary: section 101, “Change Summary”: “Please keep in mind that the list of files, commands and terms in each objectives is a _partial_ list.”)

Guide to LX0-103

A guided tutorial has been started. The current state of this tutorial may be seen by going to LX0-103 tutorial.

Objectives List / Charts / Info / Commentary / Resources

Domain/Topic 101 System Architecture 14%

See: LX0-103 Domain/Topic 101 System Architecture.

Domain/Topic 102 Linux Installation and Package Management 18%

See: LX0-103 Domain/Topic 102 Linux Installation and Package Management.

Domain 103 GNU and Unix Commands 43%

See: LX0-103 Domain/Topic 103 GNU and Unix Commands.

Domain 104 Devices, Linux fs's, FHS 25%

See: LX0-103 Domain/Topic 104 Devices, Linux fs's, FHS.

Other Resources

Unlike some other CompTIA certifications, this CompTIA certification objectives list did not come with a glossary of acronyms.

The certification does rqeuire passing two examinations. Besides the LX0-103, examination, there is also the LX0-104. (See also: “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” LX0-104.)

CompTIA has published an official guide. (At the time of this writing, the instructor's edition was available at Instructor's Guides by CompTIA had a hyperlink to The Official CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI Instructor Guide (Exams LX0-103 and LX0-104) eBook which, when purchased, appeared to provide a watermarked PDF file and EPUB files of the Instructor text, and a watermarked copy of The Official CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI Study Guide (Exams LX0-103 and LX0-104) Student Guide eBook. (Actually, the Student Guide actually said “Student Guide” on the front cover, so might be a bit different than The Official CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI Study Guide (Exams LX0-103 and LX0-104) eBook “Study Guide”, which says neither “instructor” nor “student” in the title.)

When purchasing CompTIA's official eBooks using the official CompTIA store, the instructional material was provided by comptia.lochoice.com. Maybe that's related to Logical Operations: The Official CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI Instructor Guide (Exams LX0-103 and LX0-104).

That site by Logical Operations recommended using CentOS 7, and noted a covered topic of “CentOS Linux Updates and Installations”. (CentOS was also used for the book's “Lesson 16: Troubleshooting Linux Systems”.)